Rehabilitation is about fixing a problem and taking care for a healthcare concern after a particular occurrence. Many medical ailments, injuries, accidents, surgeries, birth defects and similar medical occurrences can cause long lasting effects on a person and rehabilitation is required. Owing to a medical concern or a health problem, the functional capabilities may get affected, in which case rehabilitation is essential for effective restoration to its maximum potential.
Just as doctors would treat a particular condition with medicines, rehabilitation therapies work towards promoting further development. When rehabilitation therapies are used in conjunction with medical treatment, the combination is just perfect for effective patient recovery.
Rehabilitation therapies are involved in promoting recovery, regaining strength and functioning of the affected part, management of the condition and resuming daily life or occupation. It may also involve learning new skills, modifying existing patterns and unlearning certain skills to get rid of unhealthy practices.
Commonly used rehabilitation therapies and their aims include
- Physical therapy – Helps to improve fitness, mobility, balance, co-ordination, strength and joint function. It is also useful in nerve disorders and pain management.
- Auditory and speech/language therapy – Works for assessing hearing function and support with aids. Helps to improve, speech, swallowing, language and communication.
- Occupation therapy – Helps to improve functional abilities in relation to daily occupation, like writing, handling objects, walking and resuming occupational activities.
- Psychotherapy and Counselling – Helps to understand emotional imbalances and overcome situations causing stress, anxiety, behavioural issues and similar emotional concerns. It is also helpful to counsel patients addicted to smoking, alcohol or substance abuse.
Many other treatment modalities, alternative therapies and fitness ways are being explored and are often offered for patients if found to be effective.
Advantages of Rehabilitation Therapies
Hospitals and healthcare organisations are increasingly becoming aware of the advantages of rehabilitation therapies. More and more medical institutions are engaging rehabilitation therapies for their patients to ensure full recovery and effective patient management.
The role of rehabilitation therapies is especially important when there is a damage to any part due to medical condition and the functional abilities need to be restored. Rehabilitation therapies are found useful in case of physical disabilities after injuries or surgeries, sports medicine, cardiac or pulmonary care, paralytic or neurological conditions, joint and muscle conditions like arthritis or congenital conditions requiring special assistance.
Some of the benefits and uses of rehabilitation therapies that doctors can appreciate include
Comprehensive Treatment Plan
While medicines play their part in treating the condition, exercises and rehabilitation programs help regain the function. Medical treatment when clubbed with rehabilitation therapies, offers a complete treatment approach for the patient and aids in faster recovery.
Better Patient Care
Effective patient care can be ensured when medical treatment is followed by or supported by rehabilitation therapies. Hospitals and healthcare set-ups, which have rehabilitation services attached, are able to provide good quality patient care in the same setting.
Rehabilitation aims at restoring the abilities of the damaged part and preventing further damage. Many medical conditions, apart from treatment, need some kind of preventive healthcare strategies and therapeutic exercises under expert guidance. It requires active participation of patients, which can be ensured with the help of rehabilitation therapies.
While therapists train the patient to use their existing abilities to their best or train them about better ways of management, they are investing in patient education. It is important to make patients aware of their conditions, know what affects them, modify their behaviour and learn effective management.
Patients are satisfied when doctors, in addition to prescribing medicine, also recommend non-medicine strategies and therapies. Doctors and hospitals with rehabilitation services are often preferred by most medically aware patients. Some healthcare institutions also provide home care rehabilitation to their patients, for those who cannot visit the hospital. It is often useful for bedridden patients or those patients who need rehabilitation after being discharged. It helps to create a bond and ensure ongoing patient satisfaction.
It is important to understand that rehabilitation should be performed by trained and skilled therapists, under the guidance of treating doctors and keeping in mind the medical treatment. Therapists should be aware of red flags; any changes in the patient’s condition should be noted and patient should receive immediate medical attention. Regular monitoring and necessary investigations can be performed to assess the efficacy of the ongoing rehabilitation therapy and revised plan should be considered.
Working as a complementary therapy, giving equal respect to both, medical and rehabilitation sciences can allow effective functioning of healthcare system. This will make sound provision for wholesome medical treatment plan and an all-round approach for quality patient care, in a successful healthcare system.